Palma de Mallorca is the major city and port in the island of Majorca and capital city of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands in Spain. It is situated on the south coast of the island on the Bay of Palma. As of the 2003 census, the population of the city of Palma proper was 367,277, and the population of the entire urban area was estimated to be 462,010, ranking as the 12th-largest urban area of Spain. Almost half of the total population of Majorca live in Palma.
The archipelago of Cabrera, though widely separated from Palma proper, is administratively considered part of the municipality.
Its airport, Son Sant Joan, is one of the busiest in Europe.
Catalan-Aragonese forces took the city after a 3-month siege in 1229. When conquered, James I renamed it as Ciutat de Mallorca and created a municipal government, Universitat de la Ciutat i Regne de Mallorca (University of the City and Kingdom of Majorca), which comprised the whole island.
The city prospered most greatly when shared the capitality of the Kingdom of Majorca with Perpinyà in the 13th and 14th centuries. Many of the most noted historic buildings in the city date from this period and show the characteristic Gothic style, notably the cathedral (La Seu) (built from 1230 to 1600) and the mixed Moorish-Spanish style of the Palau de l'Almudaina.
In the 18th century, after Crown of Aragon defeat in the War of Spanish Succession, the signature of the Decretos de Nueva Planta modified the government of the Island and separated it from the municipal government of the City. This was then again renamed to present-day Palma.
The city is now seat of the government for the Balearic Islands.
Copyright (c)2006 Todd Hemming. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".